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Karl Marx (1818 - 1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820 - 1895)

Go BackIntroduction to Marxism
coverThe Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Martin Edward Malia (Introduction).  

In the 150 years since its publication, no other treatise has inspired such a dividing and violent debate, and after the recent collapse of several regimes which had initially embraced it, a retrospective interpretation of the essential ideas it advocates is presented in this comprehensive volume. This edition of Karl Marx's philosophy is the authorized English translation of 1888, edited and annotated by Friedrich Engels, and includes prefaces to the several editions published between 1872 and 1888....  

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Contemporary Marxist Materials
From the Marxism Page.
Fredric Jameson: A Bibliography
Fredric Jameson is a Marx and Marxism scholar.  This bibliography was compiled by Eddie Yeghiayan.  


The Marxist-Leninist Theory of History
Essay by Kelly Ross.


Karl Marx (1818-1883) did not have a theory of morality, he had a theory of history. Thus, Marxism was not about right or wrong but about what will happen in history. Marx was contemptuous of people who judged things in moral terms. When diehards say that Marxism has actually never been "tried" (despite what Lenin, Stalin, Mao, Castro, Ho, and Daniel Ortega thought they were doing), they don't understand that Marxism was not a rule for behavior or a program for action; it was supposed to be the theory of a deterministic mechanism that will produce the future. This was not a theory about "human nature" or "human psychology", but about how the mode of economic production (how goods and services are produced) determines all the other political, social, cultural, and moral structures of a society. The needs of the "English petty bourgeois" are thus not "false needs", however dismissive Marx sounds, but true needs in relation to a capitalistic mode of production--needs which will change over time, in a historicist sense, as the mode of production changes. As a "science" of history, Marxism would succeed or fail to the extent that it could actually predict the evolution of production and its various effects.


Introduction to Marxism
Marxism in these web pages is understood as the theory and practice of working class self-emancipation. This theoretical and political tradition is radically different from the way Marxism is generally described by both critics and many 'adherents' who identify Marxism with the repressive state capitalist regimes that used to dominate Russia and eastern Europe and still hold sway in China, North Korea, Vietnam and Cuba.
Study Guide for The Communist Manifesto
There are several reasons why The Communist Manifesto is still an important document. As a historically significant work, it has a certain intrinsic interest. It is good to know what the great ideas are which have shaped history. Some people would argue that Marxists so thoroughly betrayed Marxism that the document can be used to show why attempts at building communist states failed: they were never truly Marxist at all. If true Marxism has never been tried, then it might be worth reconsidering afresh. Or if, as others argue, Marxism has intrinsic flaws that doomed it from the beginning, we might hope to discover traces of them here which might teach us why Marxism should be shunned. The goal here is not to convert you, but to help you explore Marx's writing from his point of view, so that you can understand his actual meaning while still maintaining a stance that can allow you to think critically about the subject and form your own opinions.
The online journal of the Marxist Literary Group.
Marx on Capitalism

By R.J. Kilcullen


...Marx does not think that in the real world full value is always paid. But he conducts his argument on the hypothesis that full value is paid, for several reasons. First, he wants to make it clear that his analysis of capitalism does not rest on the assumptions that capitalists defraud the worker. Even if there were no cheating, capitalism could still exist. Second, he wants to show that even an idealized capitalism would be doomed to destruction (the argumentative strategy of proving the point for the hardest case: a fortiori it holds for other cases). Third, he wants to make it clear that it is in production itself, and not merely in the distribution of the product, that the capitalists' profits originate; it is not accidental that most (though not all) capitals are used to finance production (not, e.g., for buying non-human commodities and selling them unmodified)...

Marx / Engels Search Engine (Archived)
Some days you just can't seem to remember exactly where, among the 40,000 pages of the collected works of Marx and Engels, you read that quote... Hopefully M/E SEARCH will help narrow the hunt. This page will search the entire Marx/Engels Internet Library. As larger works come online, they will also have small search pages made for them alone -- for instance, Capital will have a search page for the work alone.
Marxist Media Theory (Archived
By Daniel Chandler

Categories include:

  • Introduction
  • Base and superstructure
  • Media as means of production
  • Ideology
  • Media as amplifiers
  • The constitution of the subject
  • Differences within Marxism
  • The Frankfurt School
  • Althusser
  • Gramsci and hegemony
  • Stuart Hall
  • Limitations of Marxist analysis
  • Strengths of Marxist analysis
  • References
Marx / Engels Biography (Archived)
Below is a list of what is included on this web page:
  • Marx -- by F. Engels, 1869
  • Marx -- by V. I. Lenin, 1915
  • Frederick Engels -- by V. I. Lenin, 1895
  • Karl Marx -- by Eleanor Marx (his daughter) 1897-98
  • Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: An Intro -- by David Riazanov, 1927 book
  • The Death of Karl Marx
  • Engels -- Handw├Ârterbuch der Staatswissenschaften, 1892
  • Engels -- Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon, 1893
  • Marx and Engels various media interviews
    Immediate Marx / Engels Family
  • Marx and Engels Photo Gallery
  • von Westphalen, Jenny -- aka Jenny Marx, wife of Karl)
  • von Westphalen, Edgar
  • Marx, Jenny (daughter)
  • Marx, Laura
  • Marx, Eleanor
  • Longuet, Charles -- husband to Jenny
  • Lafargue, Paul -- husband to Laura
  • Aveling, Edward -- husband to Eleanor
  • Demuth, Helene
Marx / Engels Internet (Archived)
There are lots of e-texts of Marx and Engels.  Works actually stored, digitally, in the MEIA are noted by being "linked" -- that is, the text's name is highlighted. You can click on it and see the piece in question. The non-links are provided for the sake of completeness of perspective.

Archived Marxist Resources
  • Louis Althusser's "Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses" -- Umberto Taccheri
  • Marxism versus Postmodernism -- Bad Subjects Collective
  • A Memory of Marxism -- Paul Smith
  • Marxist Media Theory -- Daniel Chandler
  • Marxist Politics in the Age of Post-Everything -- Gary MacLennan


Marx and Marxism Web Circle

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