20th Century Philosophy

José Ortega y Gasset (1883 - 1955)

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The Revolt of the Masses

What Is Philosophy?What Is Philosophy? by Jose Ortega y Gasset

"What is Philosophy" presents a timeless question for philosophers intensely without intimidating the uninitiated. Ortega Y Gasset writes beautifully and clearly, touching on both Heidegger and Nietzsche as well as a host of prominent European thinkers en route to a clearer understanding of the nature of philosophy and philosophizing. Newer students of philosophy should find this a wonderful supplement to the standard repertoire of a philosophy department Ortega y Gasset is typically absent from... -- Anonymous Review

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Meditations on Hunting Meditations on Hunting by Jose Ortega y Gasset

Meditations on Hunting is the most quoted book in sporting literature. It is the finest work on the essence and ethics of hunting. Today when both hunting and fishing are often condemned, Meditations takes on an even greater significance. Ortega points out that life is a dynamic interchange between man and his surroundings. He explains that hunting is part of man's very nature, that "hunting is a universal and impassioned sport...it is the purest form of human happiness. The essence of hunting or fishing involves a complete code of ethics of the most distinguished design. The sportsman who accepts the sporting code of ethics keeps his commandments in the greatest solitude with no witnesses or audience other than the sharp peaks of the mountain, the stern oak, and the passing animal."

"If you haven't read this legendary little book, you might wonder if an essay originally written by a Spanish philosopher as an introduction to a friend's big game hunting memoirs could have any relevance to a modern bird hunter. I'd say it's not only "relevant', it's absolutely essential reading for any thoughtful hunter and fisherman. ...and now Wilderness Adventures has brought out what I think will be the standard: a beautiful slipcased edition, bound in fine cloth, with excellent pencil illustrations by Eldridge Hardie and a new foreword by Datus Proper. It's the one to own." -- Steve Bodio, Shooting Sportsman

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José Ortega y Gasset


Spanish philosopher and essayist, professor of the University of Madrid and founder of the magazine Revista de Occidente. Ortega y Gasset's writings range over history, politics, aesthetics and art criticism, as well as the history of philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. In 1929 Ortega published one of his best known works, The Revolt of the Masses, where he characterized the 20th-century society as dominated by masses of mediocre and indistinguishable individuals. Ortega's ideas converged those of other 'mass society' theorists such as Karl Mannheim, Erich Fromm and Hannah Arendt...

José Ortega y Gasset Philosopher of the Revolution


José Ortega y Gasset is probably one of the best known Humanist philosophers even in the English speaking world.  Revolt of the Masses, was written during the early uprisings which led to the Spanish Civil War. This work predicted that increasingly authoritarian regimes would lead to revolution that would either succeed or end in the tragedy of fascism.  He was a supporter of the Republic against the Monarchy and the Fascists...

Includes Biography


Fundación José Ortega y Gasset

La Fundación José Ortega y Gasset es una institución privada sin fines lucrativos, dedicada a la promoción de actividades culturales en el ámbito de las Ciencias Sociales y las Humanidades. La Fundación se creó en 1978, y se registró en el Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia en 1979.


Ortega y Gasset's "Revolt of the Masses"

The Spanish essayist and philosopher, José Ortega y Gasset (1883-1955), was born in Madrid of a patrician family. He was educated at a Jesuit college and the University of Madrid, where he received his doctorate in philosophy in 1904. Ortega spent the next five years at German universities in Berlin and Leipzig and at the University of Marburg. Appointed professor of metaphysics at the University of Madrid in 1910, he taught there until the outbreak of the Spanish Civil war in 1936. He was also active as a journalist and as a politician. In 1923 he founded the Revista de occidente, a review of books that was instrumental in bringing Spain in touch with Western, and specifically German thought. Ortega's work as editor and publisher helped end Spain's isolation from contemporary western culture...


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