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Bill Devall

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Deep Ecology
coverClearcut : The Tragedy of Industrial Forestry by Bill Devall (Editor).  

Once, old-growth forests blanketed the entire Pacific Northwest. Today, after a mere century of intensive logging, only a fraction remains. This book combines more than 175 dramatic photos of decimated forests with 15 impassioned yet authorative essays by leading ecologists and activists, including key figures in the modern "eco-forestry" movement.

The eye-popping photographs in most Sierra Club books and calendars inspire fascination, respect, even awe at nature's remarkable beauty, variety, and complexity. The photos in Clearcut, a joint publication of Sierra Club Books and Earth Island Press, are just as startling, but the primary emotion they produce is anger. From air and ground, the 35 photographers whose vivid work is gathered here document the devastation clear-cut forestry has caused across Canada and the U.S.: from Alaska and British Columbia east through the Rockies and Great Plains to Maine and Cape Breton, and south to Alabama, Texas, and California. More than 100 color plates of the slash-and-burn destruction of "industrial forestry" call up memories of pockmarked bomb sites from London under the Blitz to Baghdad and Sarajevo. But Clearcut moves beyond complaint to action: in 15 essays, ecologists and eco-foresters demand recognition of the "intrinsic value" of forests and an "ecosystem-based approach to timber management." Libraries in pictured areas may already have received a donated copy of Clearcut, but policy decisions about the future of North America's forests are sufficiently important to justify purchase of this pricey but powerful volume by libraries in other areas. Mary Carroll

Other Texts by Bill Devall:

bulletDeep Ecology -- Bill Devall, George Sessions (Contributor) / Paperback / Published 1986
bulletSimple in Means, Rich in Ends - Practicing Deep Ecology

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Deep Ecology:  Arne Naess, George Sessions and Bill Devall

This is a short article introducing the theory of Deep Ecology.  


Arne Naess first coined the term deep ecology in a 1973 article.[1] Deep Ecology refers to a deep, fundamental questioning of views and attitudes of nature, particularly those held by the Western societies. 

The two "ultimate norms" that Naess believes will lead to the deep ecology perspective are self-realization and biocentric equality.

"Self-realization is the realization of the potentialities of life. Organisms that differ from each other in three ways give us less diversity than organisms that differ from each other in one hundred ways. Therefore, the self-realization we experience when we identify with the universe is heightened by an increase in the number of ways in which individuals, societies, and even species and life forms realize themselves. The greater the diversity, then, the greater the self-realization...Most people in deep ecology have had the feeling - usually, but not always, in nature - that they are connected with something greater than their ego, greater than their name, their family, their special attributes as an individual...without that identification, one is not easily drawn to become involved in deep ecology..."


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