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Origen  ca.  A. D. 185 - ca. 254

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Homilies on Jeremiah Homily on 1 Kings 28 : Homily on 1 Kings 28 (Fathers of the Church Series, Vol 97)
Books from Erratic Impact's Philosophy Research BaseThe Text of I Corinthians in the Writings of Origen (New Testament in  the Greek Fathers, No. 4) by Darrell D. Hannah.  This book reconstructs as much of Origen's text of 1 Corinthians as is possible by collecting all the citations, allusions and adaptations of the epistle from Origen's works. The analysis of these variant readings demonstrates that Origen's text is closely related to that of the Alexandrian witnesses, especially codices Vaticanus, Sinaiticus, and Ephraemi. Origen demonstrably gave little if any preference to the so called "primary Alexandrians" over the "secondary Alexandrians" and, further, his text is a great deal closer to the Byzantine text-type than to the Western text-type. This Byzantine element of Origen's text, the author argues, most probably arises from those readings which the Byzantine text-type shares with the Alexandrian. In addition to its other contributions, Hannah's painstaking work suggests that scholars need to re-examine the widespread use of the sub-categories "primary" and "secondary" Alexandrians..  

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Origen Biography

From the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Excerpt:

Origen, one of the most distinguished of the Fathers of the early Church, was born, probably at Alexandria, about 182; and died at Caesarea not later than 251. His full name was apparently Origenes Adamantius; and he received from his father, Leonides, thorough instruction in the Bible and in elementary studies. But in 202 the outbreak of the persecution of Septimius Severus robbed Origen of his father, whom he sought to follow in martyrdom, being prevented only by a ruse of his mother. The death of Leonides left the family of nine impoverished, their property being confiscated. Origen, however, was taken under the protection of a woman of wealth and standing; but as her household already included a heretic named Paul, the strictly orthodox Origen seems to have remained with her but a short time. Since his father's teaching enabled him also to give elementary instruction, he revived, in 203, the catechetical school at, whose last teacher, Clement, was apparently driven out by the persecution. But the persecution still raged, and the young teacher unceasingly visited the prisoners, attended the courts, and comforted the condemned, himself preserved from harm as if by a miracle. His fame and the number of his pupils increased rapidly, so that Demetrius, bishop of Alexandria, made him restrict himself to instruction in Christian doctrine alone. Origen, to be entirely independent, sold his library for a sum which netted him a daily income of 4 obols (about twelve cents) on which he lived by exercising the utmost frugality...

 

Origen Biography

Excerpt:

Origen is generally considered the greatest theologian and biblical scholar of the early Eastern church. He was probably born in Egypt, perhaps in Alexandria, to a Christian family. His father Leonides had given him an excellent literary education. His father died in the persecution of 202, and he himself narrowly escaped the same fate. At the age of 18, Origen was appointed to succeed Clement of Alexandria as head of the catechetical school of Alexandria, where he had been a student...

Origen:  Contra Celsus

From the Gnostic Society Library

Excerpt:

THE first book of our answer to the treatise of Celsus, entitled A True Discourse, which con-eluded with the representation of the Jew addressing Jesus, having now extended to a sufficient length, we intend the present part as a reply to the charges brought by him against those who have been converted from Judaism to Christianity. And we call attention, in the first place, to this special question, viz., why Celsus, when he had once resolved upon the introduction of individuals upon the stage of his book, did not represent the Jew as addressing the converts from heathenism rather than those from Judaism, seeing that his discourse, if directed to us, would have appeared more likely to produce an impression. But probably this claimant to universal knowledge does not know what is appropriate in the matter of such representations; and therefore let us proceed to consider what he has to say to the converts from Judaism. He asserts that "they have forsaken the law of their fathers, in consequence of their minds being led captive by Jesus; that they have been most ridiculously deceived, and that they have become deserters to another name and to another mode of life." Here he has not observed that the Jewish converts have not deserted the law of their fathers, inasmuch as they live according to its prescriptions, receiving their very name from the poverty of the law, according to the literal acceptation of the word; for Ebion signifies "poor" among the Jews, and those Jews who have received Jesus as Christ are called by the name of Ebionites...

 

Origen

From Universalism: The Prevailing Doctrine Of The Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years by J. W. Hanson, D. D. 1899

Excerpt:

Origen Adamantius was born of Christian parents, in Alexandria, A.D. 185. He was early taught the Christian religion, and when a mere boy could recite long passages of Scripture from memory. During the persecution by Septimus Severus, A.D. 202, his father, Leonides, was imprisoned, and the son wrote to him not to deny Christ out of tenderness for his family, and was only prevented from surrendering himself to voluntary martyrdom by his mother, who hid his clothes. Leonides died a martyr. In the year 203, then but eighteen years of age, Origen was appointed to the presidency of the theological school in Alexandria, a position left vacant by the flight of Clement from heathen persecution. He made himself proficient in the various branches of learning, traveled in the Orient and acquired the Hebrew language for the purpose of translating the Scriptures. His fame extended in all directions. He won eminent heathens to Christianity, and his instructions were sought by people of all lands. He renounced all but the barest necessities of life, rarely eating flesh, never drinking wine, slept on the naked floor, and devoted the greater part of the night to prayer and study. Eusebius says that he would not live upon the bounty of those who would have been glad to maintain him while he was at work for the world's good, and so he disposed of his valuable library to one who would allow him the daily pittance of four obols; and rigidly acted on our Lord's precept not to have "two coats, or wear shoes, and to have no anxiety for the morrow."...

 

Origen on Prayer

Translated by William A. Curtis

A unique translation from the original Greek of the second century spiritual master Origen, developed and handed down by a renown Scottish scholar and made available nearly one hundred years later on this Web site in memory of Dr. Charles Ashanin whose last days were devoted to this project.

  

Origen:  De Principiis
bulletBOOK I
bulletBOOK II
bulletBOOK III
bulletBOOK IV
bulletBOOK V

 

Origen:  Online Texts
bulletDe Principiis
bulletContra Celsum - Books I-III
bulletContra Celsum - Books IV-V
bulletContra Celsum - Books VI-VIII
bulletCommentary on the Gospel of Matthew
bulletCommentary on the Gospel of John
bulletLetter of Africanus to Origen about the History of Susanna; Origen's reply Letter to Gregory Thaumaturgos

 

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