Sciences of the Artificial by
Herbert Alexander Simon
"People sometimes ask me what they should
read to find out about artificial intelligence. Herbert Simon's
book The Sciences of the Artificial is always on the list I give
them. Every page issues a challenge to conventional thinking,
and the layman who digests it well will certainly understand
what the field of artificial intelligence hopes to accomplish. I
recommend it in the same spirit that I recommend Freud to people
who ask about psychoanalysis, or Piaget to those who ask about
child psychology: If you want to learn about a subject, start by
reading its founding fathers." -- George A. Miller, Complex
Continuing his exploration of the organization
of complexity and the science of design, this new edition of
Herbert Simon's classic work on artificial intelligence adds a
chapter that sorts out the current themes and tools -- chaos,
adaptive systems, genetic algorithms -- for analyzing complexity
and complex systems. There are updates throughout the book as
well. These take into account important advances in cognitive
psychology and the science of design while confirming and
extending the book's basic thesis: that a physical symbol system
has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action.
The chapter "Economic Reality" has also been revised
to reflect a change in emphasis in Simon's thinking about the
respective roles of organizations and markets in economic
Herbert A. Simon is Richard King Mellon
University Professor of Computer Science and Psychology,
Carnegie Mellon University, and 1978 Nobel Laureate in
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Maintained by the Philosophy and Artificial
Intelligence Group. Philosophy and Artificial intelligence: topics overlap with
philosophy of probability, causality, science and mathematics.
Created by the students and educators of
Think Quest. This site offers information and history about the field of
Artificial Intelligence. Includes recent news stories and links to other sites.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the area of computer science focusing
on creating machines that can engage on behaviors that humans consider
intelligent. The ability to create intelligent machines has intrigued
humans since ancient times, and today with the advent of the computer
and 50 years of research into AI programming techniques, the dream of
smart machines is becoming a reality. Researchers are creating systems
which can mimic human thought, understand speech, beat the best human chess player,
and countless other feats never before possible. Find out how the
military is applying AI logic to its hi-tech systems, and how in the
near future Artificial Intelligence may impact our lives.
This site defines itself as an Artificial
Intelligence forum. Here you can post comments and questions on the message board, read newsletters, or check the chat schedule.
This directory of sites on computer science includes links to sites on programming languages, artificial intelligence, computer ethics and technical reports. A list of academic organizations is also included.
graduate and faculty discussion group at the University
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, addressing issues in neuroscience,
cognitive science, and distributed artificial intelligence, which
concern the functional design of the nervous system and the construction
of large-scale, biologically inspired artificial neural network systems.
Visitors are always welcome.
Computational neurology is a new field of science that uses computers to make simulations of nerve cells. This site describes the work of a research group in this field and the related field of artificial intelligence.
The Intelligent Systems Laboratory is an interdisciplinary team studying artificial intelligence at the University of Alabama at Huntsville's Center for Automation and Robotics. This site showcases the laboratory's projects.
Information on NASA's space probe used as a
test bed for futuristic technologies. Mission status and information on the products and technologies involved are included.
Brown University's Mind-Brain Society offers links to groups involved with artificial intelligence, consciousness, robotics and related disciplines at this site. Users will also find a list of the Mind-Brain Society's current projects and upcoming events.
Refereed journal disseminates research, news and info about all aspects of AI. With past and present editions available online.
JAIR (ISSN 1076-9757) covers all areas of artificial intelligence
(AI), publishing refereed research articles, survey articles, and
technical notes. Established in 1993 as one of the first electronic
scientific journals, JAIR is indexed by INSPEC,
Citation Index, and MathSciNet.
JAIR reviews papers within approximately two months of submission and
publishes accepted articles on the internet immediately upon receiving
the final versions. JAIR articles are published for free distribution on
the internet by the AI
Access Foundation, and for purchase
in bound volumes by Morgan Kaufmann
From the Institute
for Information Technology.
Features moderated and unmoderated discussions of artificial intelligence. The topics include genetic algorithms, the Journal of Artificial Intelligence, computer language processing, neural networks and vision research.